Literature Review on Job Retention and Career Progression for Persons with Disabilities in Canada and Internationally

About the study

The study examined general and disability-related literatures to measure interrelationships between disability and job retention, and career progress. Thematic reviews and meta-analysis of these literatures focused on four dimensions at micro and macro level: exogenous economic circumstances; personal socio-demographic and disability-related characteristics; workplace dynamics; and personal psychological factors.


What can be learned from this study?

• Some occupations had higher turnover rates and lower job retention than others.

• Generally, job retention increased with one’s age. However, older workers who acquired a disability were less likely to go back to work.

• For people with disabilities, higher educational attainment increased the likelihood of job retention and career progression.

• While more people with disabilities were highly educated, they were more likely to be unemployed and underemployed compared to young people without disabilities.

• Negative employer and co-worker attitudes towards people with disabilities at work made it difficult for people with disabilities to maintain employment.

• Generally, career mentors helped career progression for people; however, it was found that people with disabilities may have a hard time finding career mentors who would understand their situation.

• Increased commitment to organization indicated lower job turnover rate.


What method(s) did the study use?

Thematic review and meta-analysis of general and disability-related literature