Health Capacity to Work at Older Ages: Evidence from Canada

Falling pension coverage and rising longevity are putting pressure on older workers to postpone their retirement. However, little is known about the about the ability of Canadian older workers to work longer. To address this gap in knowledge, Kevin Milligan of the University of British Columbia and NBER and Tammy Schirle of Wilfrid Laurier University estimate the work capacity of older working Canadians, with a view to contributing to the discussion of how one’s lifespan should be split between work and retirement.

The analysts examined this issue from the perspective of work capacity and health using two measures of health and two methods of analysis.

In the first, they related the employment rates of men and women in 2011 at each age, 55 to 69, to their respective mortality rates, which were used to approximate overall health. Then, in the resulting estimated employment-mortality relationship for each age, they substituted the 2011 employment rates for the 1976 rates which were higher than in 2011. In this way, they constructed a “counterfactual” or comparison group to see what older workers’ employment would have been if employment rates had not declined between 1976 and 2011. The difference between the observed and comparison group employment rates at each age in 2011 was taken as an estimate of older workers’ extra capacity to work.

In the second method, the health measure consisted of a mix of health indicators including self-assessed health, incidence of major diseases and smoking, body mass index, and number of overnight hospital, doctor and nurse visits. First, the researchers estimated a health-employment relationship at ages 50 to 54, while controlling for the demographic traits of marital status, education and cultural/racial origin. This relationship was then applied to the health conditions of an older age group (55-74 years), resulting in in the predicted employment status for older workers, assuming the younger group’s tendency to work was applicable to the older group’s, i.e., it did not decline. The difference between the actual and predicted employment was used to approximate the capacity of older workers to work more.

This article provides insights into our understanding of older Canadians’ work capacity. The results suggest that older workers may be retiring or forced into retirement too early–possibly five years too early–and that practitioners should be preparing for a growing number of older workers who are remaining in the workforce past retirement age. Similarly, employers should consider the fact that older workers can continue to be productive members of their workforce. At the same time, some older workers may have incapacities preventing them from work, or have sufficient retirement income enabling them to stay out of the paid labour market. This raises the following research questions: to what extent do senior Canadians actually want, or feel financially compelled, to work past retirement age; and how will society offer work to those who must or wish to work longer?

6,622 Comments

  1. whoah this blog is great i love studying your articles.
    Stay up the good work! You already know, lots of individuals are looking around for this info,
    you can help them greatly.

  2. Hi there it’s me, I am also visiting this web page daily,
    this web site is genuinely nice and the people
    are truly sharing pleasant thoughts.

  3. You have made some really good points there.
    I checked on the net to learn more about the
    issue and found most individuals will go along with
    your views on this website.

  4. Hmm it appears like your blog ate my first comment
    (it was super long) so I guess I’ll just sum it up what I had written and say,
    I’m thoroughly enjoying your blog. I too am an aspiring blog blogger but I’m still new to everything.
    Do you have any recommendations for rookie blog writers?
    I’d genuinely appreciate it.

  5. I truly love your blog.. Pleasant colors & theme. Did you create this web site yourself?

    Please reply back as I’m trying to create my own personal
    website and would love to find out where you got this from or
    just what the theme is named. Thanks!

  6. Appreciating the time and energy you put into your blog and in depth information you offer.
    It’s good to come across a blog every once in a while that
    isn’t the same old rehashed material. Excellent read!
    I’ve bookmarked your site and I’m adding your RSS feeds to
    my Google account.

  7. Hi there! I could have sworn I’ve visited
    this web site before but after going through many of the posts
    I realized it’s new to me. Nonetheless, I’m definitely delighted I
    came across it and I’ll be book-marking it and checking back often!

  8. Fantastic beat ! I would like to apprentice even as you amend your site,
    how can i subscribe for a weblog site? The account aided
    me a applicable deal. I have been a little bit acquainted
    of this your broadcast offered shiny transparent concept

  9. That is the precise blog for anyone who desires to find out about this topic. You realize so much its nearly onerous to argue with you (not that I actually would need匟aHa). You undoubtedly put a brand new spin on a topic thats been written about for years. Great stuff, just nice!

  10. Amazing blog! Do you have any recommendations for aspiring writers?

    I’m planning to start my own blog soon but I’m a little lost on everything.
    Would you advise starting with a free platform like WordPress or go for a paid option?
    There are so many options out there that I’m totally overwhelmed ..
    Any recommendations? Appreciate it!

  11. Hey there! I could have sworn I’ve been to
    this website before but after browsing through some of the post I
    realized it’s new to me. Anyhow, I’m definitely glad I found it and I’ll be book-marking and checking back frequently!

  12. First of all I would like to say superb blog! I had a quick
    question in which I’d like to ask if you do not mind.

    I was interested to know how you center yourself and clear
    your head before writing. I’ve had a hard time clearing my thoughts
    in getting my ideas out there. I truly do take pleasure in writing
    however it just seems like the first 10 to 15 minutes are wasted simply just trying to figure out how to begin.
    Any ideas or hints? Kudos!

  13. Unquestionably believe that which you said. Your favorite reason seemed
    to be at the net the simplest factor to consider of. I say to you, I certainly get annoyed while other people think about worries that they just don’t recognise about.

    You managed to hit the nail upon the highest as neatly as defined out the whole thing without having side-effects ,
    folks can take a signal. Will probably be again to
    get more. Thank you

  14. Thank you for the auspicious writeup. It in fact was a amusement account it.
    Look advanced to more added agreeable from you!
    However, how could we communicate?

  15. I think everything published made a ton of sense. However, what about this?
    what if you added a little content? I mean, I don’t want to
    tell you how to run your blog, however suppose you added a title that grabbed
    a person’s attention? I mean Health Capacity to Work at
    Older Ages: Evidence from Canada – BC Centre
    for Employment ExcellenceBC Centre for Employment
    Excellence is a little vanilla. You could glance at Yahoo’s front
    page and see how they create article headlines to grab people to
    click. You might add a video or a related pic or
    two to grab people interested about everything’ve got to
    say. Just my opinion, it might make your posts a little
    bit more interesting.

  16. I am really impressed together with your writing abilities and also with the format for your weblog.
    Is this a paid subject or did you modify it your self? Either way stay
    up the nice quality writing, it is rare to see a
    great blog like this one these days..

  17. An impressive share! I’ve just forwarded this onto a co-worker who had been doing a little homework on this.
    And he actually ordered me dinner due to the
    fact that I discovered it for him… lol. So allow me to reword this….
    Thank YOU for the meal!! But yeah, thanx for spending some time to discuss this matter here
    on your blog.

  18. I simply want to mention I am beginner to blogging and actually loved this blog. Likely I’m going to bookmark your blog post . You certainly have fantastic well written articles. Bless you for sharing with us your webpage.

  19. I must thank you for the efforts you’ve put in penning this site.
    I’m hoping to check out the same high-grade content by
    you in the future as well. In fact, your creative writing abilities has
    inspired me to get my own blog now 😉

  20. Hi there! I simply wished to ask if you ever have problems with hackers?

    My last blog (wordpress) was hacked and I finished up losing many months of work on account of no back up.
    Are you experiencing any methods to prevent hackers?

    Here is my site: ElvaPSanto

  21. Nice post. I learn something new and challenging on websites I stumbleupon on a
    daily basis. It’s always helpful to read through articles from other
    authors and use a little something from other web sites.

  22. First off I would like to say superb blog! I had a quick question in which I’d like to ask if you do not mind.
    I was curious to know how you center yourself and clear
    your head before writing. I have had a hard time clearing my mind in getting
    my thoughts out. I truly do take pleasure in writing but it just seems
    like the first 10 to 15 minutes are lost just trying to
    figure out how to begin. Any suggestions or tips? Thank you!

  23. Today, I went to the beachfront with my kids. I found a sea shell and gave it to my 4 year old daughter and said “You can hear the ocean if you put this to your ear.” She placed the shell to her ear and screamed.
    There was a hermit crab inside and it pinched her ear. She never wants to go back!
    LoL I know this is totally off topic but I had to tell someone!

    Also visit my webpage; BuckAWison

  24. Oh my goodness! Awesome article dude! Thank you, However I am encountering problems with your RSS.
    I don’t know the reason why I can’t join it.

    Is there anyone else getting the same RSS issues?

    Anyone who knows the answer will you kindly respond? Thanx!!

  25. Can I simply just say what a comfort to uncover a person that genuinely knows what they are
    talking about over the internet. You certainly realize how to bring
    an issue to light and make it important. More and more people should check this
    out and understand this side of your story. I was surprised that you
    are not more popular since you surely possess the gift.

  26. Have you ever considered about adding a little bit more than just your articles?

    I mean, what you say is valuable and all. But just imagine if you added some great pictures or videos to give your posts more, “pop”!
    Your content is excellent but with pics and clips, this site could certainly be
    one of the greatest in its niche. Good blog!

  27. You really make it seem so easy along with your presentation but I to
    find this topic to be actually one thing that I believe I might
    never understand. It kind of feels too complex and very vast for me.
    I’m taking a look ahead for your next post, I will attempt to get the hold of it!
    cheap flights 3aN8IMa

  28. Thank you for any other wonderful post. The place else could anybody get that kind of information in such a perfect way
    of writing? I’ve a presentation next week, and I’m at the search for such
    info. cheap flights yynxznuh

  29. That is really interesting, You’re a very skilled
    blogger. I have joined your rss feed and stay up for looking
    for more of your magnificent post. Additionally, I have shared your web site in my social
    networks cheap flights 31muvXS

  30. I was recommended this blog by my cousin. I am not sure whether this post is written by him as nobody else know such detailed about my problem.
    You are wonderful! Thanks! cheap flights
    34pIoq5

  31. Heya! I just wanted to ask if you ever have any problems with
    hackers? My last blog (wordpress) was hacked and I ended
    up losing several weeks of hard work due to no back up. Do you
    have any solutions to protect against hackers? cheap flights 34pIoq5

  32. Simply desire to say your article is as amazing. The clarity
    in your post is just great and i can assume you are an expert on this subject.
    Well with your permission let me to grab your RSS feed to keep updated with forthcoming post.
    Thanks a million and please carry on the enjoyable work.

  33. Heya! I realize this is kind of off-topic but I had to ask.
    Does running a well-established website like yours take a large amount of work?
    I am brand new to running a blog however I do write in my diary everyday.
    I’d like to start a blog so I can share my experience and thoughts online.
    Please let me know if you have any suggestions or tips
    for new aspiring blog owners. Appreciate it!

  34. I’ve been exploring for a bit for any high-quality articles or
    weblog posts on this kind of area . Exploring in Yahoo I ultimately stumbled upon this web site.
    Reading this information So i am happy to express that I’ve a very excellent uncanny feeling I discovered exactly
    what I needed. I such a lot for sure will make sure to do not fail to remember this
    site and provides it a glance regularly.

  35. After I originally left a comment I seem to have clicked the -Notify me when new comments are added- checkbox
    and now every time a comment is added I recieve 4
    emails with the same comment. There has to be an easy method
    you can remove me from that service? Kudos!

  36. Magnificent beat ! I wish to apprentice while you amend your site,
    how can i subscribe for a blog site? The account helped
    me a acceptable deal. I had been tiny bit acquainted of this
    your broadcast provided bright clear idea

  37. Do you have a spam issue on this site; I also am a blogger,
    and I was curious about your situation; many of us have created some nice procedures and we are looking to swap methods with other folks,
    please shoot me an email if interested.

  38. You actually make it appear so easy along with your presentation but I find this matter to be really something
    that I believe I might never understand. It kind of
    feels too complex and extremely broad for me. I’m looking ahead to
    your next publish, I will attempt to get the cling of it!

  39. Pretty section of content. I just stumbled upon your weblog and in accession capital to assert
    that I get actually enjoyed account your blog posts.
    Anyway I will be subscribing to your augment and even I achievement you access
    consistently fast.

  40. Together with every thing which seems to be developing within this subject matter, all your opinions tend to be rather stimulating. Even so, I beg your pardon, but I can not give credence to your whole suggestion, all be it radical none the less. It seems to everybody that your comments are actually not entirely rationalized and in simple fact you are generally yourself not fully confident of the assertion. In any case I did take pleasure in looking at it.

  41. I’m amazed, I have to admit. Rarely do I encounter a blog that’s both educative and interesting, and let me tell you, you have hit the nail on the head.The issue is something that too few folks are speaking intelligently about.I am very happy I found this in my hunt for something concerning this.

  42. Howdy this is kind of of off topic but I was wondering
    if blogs use WYSIWYG editors or if you have to manually code with HTML.
    I’m starting a blog soon but have no coding know-how so I wanted to get advice from someone with experience.
    Any help would be greatly appreciated!

  43. Unfortunately, Abramo escaped during the battle.Mastered From Real Analog Tapes by Kevin Gray at Cohearent Audio Mastered directly from analog tape to DSD Super Jewel Case Packaging.He also kept the albums coming, including My World, The Best of Ray Charles The Atlantic Years, and Love Affair.Foremost among these I should include two very distinct gifts – the gift of money-making and the gift of oratory.You can t ask much more than that.

    http://monmorekyfarebocatecocawoods.xyz/37/blond-blond-cd-album.php

  44. I am extremely inspired with your writing talents and also with the layout in your weblog. Is that this a paid subject matter or did you customize it your self? Either way keep up the nice high quality writing, it is rare to look a great blog like this one today.

  45. Установка септика под ключ

    Это в целом предоставляет вам гарантию того момента, что автономная канализация работает без перебоев в течение многих лет.
    Для вас мы предлагаем высококлассные сервис по монтажу автономной канализации под ключ, владеем исключительной методикой и частным подходом к работе.
    Всем известно, что профессионализм – это сегодня наиболее важное
    Обеспечиваем лучший завершающий результат
    Большой уровень производства септиков