The Portability of New Immigrants’ Human Capital: Language, Education and Occupational Matching

About the study

This study examined human capital portability of recent immigrants to Canada. Using the Longitudinal Survey of Immigrants to Canada (2000-2005), the study analyzed the effect the portability of foreign labour market experience, education, and language skills has on post-immigration earnings of recent immigrants.


What can be learned from this study?

• Immigrants’ knowledge of English was imperative in finding employment and obtaining jobs in the field they were trained in.

• Compared to immigrants who switched occupations, those who were employed in the same occupation post-immigration earned much more. However, immigrants’ economic rate of return for pre-immigration labour market experience in the same occupation was zero.

• Immigrants with post-secondary education were more successful in obtaining the same occupation post-immigration.

• Immigrants who were employed in regulated occupation, pre-immigration and post-immigration, saw an increase in their earnings.


What method(s) did the study use?

Descriptive and regression analyses of Longitudinal Survey of Immigrants to Canada (LSIC) (2000-2005)

Related items in the Knowledge Clearinghouse:

  1. Employment Guides
  2. Immigrants in Self-Employment
  3. Strengthening Rural Canada