Returns to Apprenticeship: Analysis based on the 2006 Census

About the study

This study analyzed the returns to apprenticeship for Canadians. Using 2006 Statistics Canada Census data, the study compared the returns from an apprenticeship certification for males and females to other educational pathways such as high school diploma, certification in non-apprenticeship trades, and community college degree.


What can be learned from this study?

• In 2006, only 6 percent of Canadian men and 1.8 percent of Canadian women completed an apprenticeship.

• Males who completed an apprenticeship earned substantially more than those who finished high school or acquired non-apprenticeship trade certificate, and slightly more than those who graduated from a community college.

• Unlike males, females with an apprenticeship certification had much lower earnings compared to those who had a high school diploma or less, acquired non-apprenticeship trade certificate, or attended community colleges. For females, higher earnings were associated with higher level of education.

• Returns were greater for male apprentices without a high school diploma than those who finished high school.


What method(s) did the study use?

Regression and decomposition analyses of 2006 Statistics Canada Census data