Youth Employment and Un(der) Employment in Canada: More Than a Temporary Problem?

About the study

The study examined growing youth unemployment and underemployment trends in Canada, particularly, since the recession in 2008. Using OECD data (2011) and Statistics Canada data (1997-2011), Canada’s youth unemployment rate was compared to other OECD member countries, and trends in Canadian youth labour force activity such as underemployment versus permanent employment, and the effect of education in the labour market were observed; the results for youth (under 30) were compared to that of older workers (30 and older).


What can be learned from this study?

The study found that despite Canada’s low youth unemployment rate compared to other OECD member countries, youth unemployment in Canada is rising.

• More young people under 30 are employed in non-permanent jobs – temporary, contract or part-time – since 2008 and the rate is increasing faster than older workers over 30 years of age.
• Permanent employment for youth continues to decline.
• Compared to older workers with post-secondary education, young people with same qualification are more likely to be unemployed.


What method(s) did the study use?

Analysis of OECD data and multi-year Statistics Canada’s Labour Force Survey